NGO Implements Wind Project and Electrifies a Small Rural Village in India
Jatakheda towers over villages in wind energy
Zafar Alam Khan
February 13, 2012
Jatakheda, a small village in Sehore district of Madhya Pradesh is different from other villages of the State, as it has the distinction of being the first village to have its very own wind energy power unit.
Jatakheda sarpanch Devji Mewara while talking to VivaCity said, “Having lived in darkness all along since Independence as the village never had regular electricity supply in the village, we immediately agreed to the proposal of Manthan, a volunteer organisation to implement a wind energy project for the village.”
Bhopal-based Manthan is a social organisation working especially for the socio-economic upliftment of the rural community. The major thrust area where this organisation have so far concentrated include agriculture technology development, skill development, water harvesting and its conservation and conservation of energy resources and harnessing its potential.
Chief of Manthan Rajat Saxena said, “We first surveyed the area for wind velocity, formed a team of 18 members, installed windmills and then laid out a cabling network that now transmits electricity to homes.”
Apart from setting up the plant, the NGO has also constituted a self-help group (SHG) of 20 villagers, who have been trained to maintain and keep the wind generator functional. When asked about their future plans, Saxena said, “We had made it a hybrid plant by adding a solar electricity unit so that the generation of electricity doesn’t have to rely on wind all the time.”
Saxena further said that the SHG collects a meager amount of `10 per month only for the maintenance of equipments and that is all what the villagers need to pay for getting round the clock electricity.
For the 64 households of Jatakheda village, its street lights, electricity at houses and a feeling of self-reliance and for everyone else, it is a hope.
Mewara said that the village has undergone major socio-economical changes ever since the electricity through pawan chakki (wind power) reached in the village a couple of years ago.
He said that now every house of the village has been lighten up as two bulb connections have been provided to every house. The streets and corners of the village have also been lighten up, children of the village now studies till late in the night, household works have also eased due to the availability of the electricity, he added.
The Jatakheda sarpanch further said, “Moreover, the security concerns of the village have also been taken care with the introduction of electricity in the village, now we get rid of insects, scorpions and snakes as they could be seen due to electricity.”
He maintains, it is all because of electricity that now children are studying in white light and production of crops have also increased.
Manthan has established its own skilled development at village, Amlaha and from there so far 9,000 youth got trained and placed in different industries.
As this institute is based in rural area, therefore, electricity is always scarce and therefore, centre is meeting out their energy needs through harnessing the potential of wind and solar energy, today the village institute (Manthan Industrial Training Centre — MITC) has installed 5KW wind energy plant and 2-5KW solar plant. The wind and solar plant is catering the need of energy for computers and hostels. Anticipating the potential of this social organisation NABARD Bhopal had requested Manthan to implement a project for village Jatakheda under Ashta block of Sehore district in Madhya Pradesh.
Manthan launched the project on wind electricity in Jatakheda with financial support from NABARD. Run by two wind mills, the plant can produce 2 KW of power that not only lights up three energy efficient bulbs in 64 households and streetlights of the village. The project costs `10 lakh and was up and running for the past six months.
Govt support for wind energy project in mp
The Madhya Pradesh Government has announced various facilities for wind energy projects being set up in the State.
The State Government will provide exemption in commercial tax in procuring wind energy plant and related material. Non-conventional energy encouragement scheme will be effective for five years, says an official release.
Electricity produced through wind energy units can either be utilised for its own use or can be sold to any other consumer. Madhya Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission will determine the electricity rate on the basis of minimum rate fixed by the State Government.
Small investors of Madhya Pradesh will get priority in wind energy project. Priority will be given for installing 500 KW capacity wind turbine. The Urja Vikas Nigam will give approval for setting up projects upto 5 megawatt, while the State Government will grant approval for projects above 5 megawatt.
Wind energy policy
Madhya Pradesh Cabinet endorsed State’s new Wind Energy Project Policy on January 30, this year. The new policy will accelerate the pace of establishment of 1,200 MW wind energy projects. Provisions for allotment and development of projects have been simplified in the new policy.
Developers will be able to invest about Rs 7,200 crore under the policy. The policy specially encourages medium level wind energy projects. So far, power generation projects of non conventional sources of energy used to be set under the energy policy of 2006 which expired in October 2011.
The projects will be sanctioned for 25 years. A developer will have to execute wind energy power development MoU within 60 days of receiving the allotment letter. He will have to start commercial production from the plant in 36 months. Wind energy projects will be given industry status.
Wind energy plans in India
The wind power programme in India was initiated towards the end of the Sixth Plan, in 1983-84. A market-oriented strategy was adopted from inception, which has led to the successful commercial development of the technology.
The broad based national programme includes wind resource assessment activities; research and development support; implementation of demonstration projects to create awareness and opening up of new sites; involvement of utilities and industry; development of infrastructure capability and capacity for manufacturing, installation, operation and maintenance of wind electric generators; and policy support. The programme aims at catalysing commercialisation of wind power generation in the country.